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Today in History

February 20 - Today in History
By Staff
Feb 20, 2014 - 12:00:00 AM

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1054 - Yaroslav I, the Wise, ruler (Kiev), dies
1194 - Tancredo of Lecce, King of Sicily, dies
1431 - Martinus V, [Oddo Colonna], Italian Pope, dies
1525 - Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army
1547 - King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
1613 - Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch governor-general of East-Indies
1653 - Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Admiral Blake off Portsmouth
1673 - 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
1707 - Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India (1658-1707), dies
1725 - 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in NH for 100 pounds/scalp bounty
1732 - Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
1737 - French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1768 - 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Pennsylvania)
1773 - Charles Emanuel I, King of Sardinia/Duke of Savoy (CE III), dies at 71
1790 - Joseph II, Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
1792 - US postal service created; postage 6-cents-12-cents, depending on distance
1809 - Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
1811 - Austria declares bankruptcy
1831 - Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1832 - Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
1835 - Concepcion, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
1839 - Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
1846 - British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1856 - John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
1861 - Department of Navy of Confederacy forms
1861 - Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
1864 - Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
1865 - M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
1869 - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1872 - Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
1872 - Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
1872 - Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
1872 - Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
1873 - University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
1877 - 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
1877 - International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
1887 - 1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
1887 - Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
1890 - Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
1895 - Frederick Douglass, escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 77
1895 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo
1899 - Illinois Telephone & Telegraph granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
1901 - 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
1902 - Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks and damages Sutro Baths, San Francisco
1903 - Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
1910 - Boetros Ghali, Egyptian premier, murdered
1915 - Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
1917 - Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
1919 - French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
1920 - Robert E Peary, US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), dies at 63
1921 - Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
1922 - Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
1923 - Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
1927 - Golfers in South Carolina arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - American Samoa organizes as territory of US
1929 - Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
1930 - Capelle soccer team forms
1931 - Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
1932 - Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
1933 - House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
1935 - Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
1937 - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, California
1938 - UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
1941 - 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
1941 - Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
1941 - Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
1942 - Lieutenant E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
1943 - Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
1943 - New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico)
1943 - Phil Wrigley and B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
1944 - Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
1944 - US takes Eniwetok Island
1947 - Chemical mixing error at O'Connor Electo-plating Company causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in Los Angeles; 17 dead, 150 injured
1947 - Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India
1948 - Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
1949 - 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal, Kansas)
1950 - Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour
1952 - 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
1953 - August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
1953 - US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport and not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
1954 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1954 - General Zahedi wins election in Persia
1955 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1958 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
1958 - LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
1962 - John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
1963 - Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract
1965 - Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
1965 - Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
1966 - Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
1968 - John Cleese (Monty Python) marries Connie Booth
1968 - State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
1971 - Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
1971 - Major General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda
1971 - National Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
1972 - 1st time Cleve Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109)
1972 - Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
1972 - Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
1973 - 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
1974 - Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
1974 - Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros
1975 - Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conserv Party
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 - Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1978 - 4th People's Choice Awards: Star Wars, Carol Burnett & Bob Hope
1978 - Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
1978 - Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1980 - Actress Susan Dey (LA Law) weds producer Bernard Sofronski
1981 - Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
1981 - James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
1982 - NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
1983 - Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
1983 - Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
1985 - After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
1986 - LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
1986 - Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY
1987 - Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
1987 - David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
1988 - 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
1988 - Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
1988 - Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
1988 - Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
1988 - Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
1988 - Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
1988 - Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
1989 - Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
1991 - 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
1992 - Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
1992 - Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
1993 - Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
1993 - Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1993 - NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
1994 - 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
1994 - Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
1997 - SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
1998 - Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
1998 - UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
1998 - US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)

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