The author is a Retired engineering physicist whose book "Big Bang Problems" refutes the Big Bang theory. Each chapter in that book presents proof that the formation of the universe did not take place in the way currently supported by the status quo of astronomers and cosmologists. The following article is taken from his 7th argument.
Problem 7: Direct Observations from book "Big Bang Problems"
I had hoped that by publishing in my previous book (Reference 2 "Model of the Universe") that red shift data of specific galactic clusters observed after a 40 year time lapse yielding the same red shifts, astronomers would recognize there was no acceleration, and therefore ... no big bang. However, the data also did not show measurable deceleration. The first data set acquisition team Abell, Corwin, and Olowin cataloged their measurements in 1959; Struble and Rood cataloged their repeat measurements in 1999. (Appendix 2, in Reference 2.lists over 230 common galactic clusters)
Subsequently, I became aware of the Spitzer Space Telescope's ability to measure red shift data to six significant figure resolution. Previous data was via Palomar and limited to four significant figures. A proposal was submitted to Spitzer for re-measuring the red shift of the largest 12 galactic clusters; comparison of these data with the four digit resolution could be accomplished with rounding up the four digit data which would produce two sets of data, one each for the maximums and one for the minimums.
The proposal draft was submitted, but with dismay; a reply was received the next day that stated "Spitzer does not accept study proposals from non invited sources." About a week later, an invitation was received. Apparently, someone read the proposal draft and recognized its significance!. Again dismay and distress; ... In the process of submitting and coordinating my proposal, I was notified Spitzer had depleted its cryogen supply and could no longer obtain six digit resolution red shift data. So the proposal was withdrawn. Shortly thereafter, elation again; The Spitzer coordinator called with information that the data which I was seeking already existed and was obtained by several researchers.
I was given the Catalog location/site and discovered it was cataloged in 2009; and indeed it contained six digit data for most of the galactic clusters requested and also had six digit red shift data for several additional galactic clusters. (These two sets of data are presented in Reference 3, Figures I-4 & I-6)
Comparing 1959 four digit red shift data and the 2009 data clearly shows on the average galactic clusters were/are decelerating; This is decisive direct proof there is no dark energy, the universe could not have originated in a central eruption, and strongly supports the "New Universe Theory with the laws of Physics", (described in Ref 1, Ref 2, and Ref 3..
After showing these data to a friend and colleague, Doctor of engineering Robert E Farrell asked if he could assist. Farrell used Microsoft Windows Excel and graphed both sets of data. Red shift was converted to velocity using Hubble #73, which is valid out to ~ 4 Bly (Ref 3 fig II-3). 50 year time lapse yielded two plots, Figures I-5 & I-7 which show galactic clusters are decelerating. The universe's rate of deceleration is 2.0 Km/sec/year for the ten largest galactic clusters in the universe, and 1.0 Km/sec/year for all of the galactic clusters with Spitzer red shift data. The Hubble expansion rate is not valid, but is said to be increasing and at the rate of 4 Km/sec/year. We now know that is accelerating expansion and mythical dark energy is preposterous. (Ref 3) A similar study proposal has now been recommended for the new JWST telescope thereby providing six digit red shift data at both ends of the time lapse for measurement of red shift change. JWST is scheduled to become operational in 2018.
Author of "Big Bang Problems: How the Universe Began"
Reference Books by Bobby McGehee
- New Universe Theory, 2005, ISPN 1-4184-9430-5
- Model of the Universe, 2010, ISPN 978-1-4490-6793-9
- Big Bang Problems, 2014, ISPN 978-1-4969-4641-6
Bobby McGehee earned degrees in physics, engineering physics, and education at Oklahoma State University. He then went on to become supervisor for development of laboratory test facilities at The Boeing Co. for aerodynamics, propulsion and mechanical systems. After a career of more than 30 years, he went back to school to study geology and astronomy at Seattle Community College. He began to develop his theory after downloading data catalogues, conducting studies and analyses to arrive at a concept for the origin of the universe that fits both proven facts and the laws of physics.
"Big Bang Problems: How the Universe Began"
By Bobby McGehee
Published Oct 17, 2014