How Long Did Joshua Judge Israel?
|In Shanghai Visiting Chiara Braccagni. The following night I was back in Suzhou to celebrate Chinese New Year with colleagues.|
According to my Kingscalendar website stats, there have been of late, quite a number of people, presumably students, trying to find out how long Joshua was Judge of the Ancient Israelites from the time of Moses Death until his own death. It's a really important question for quite a number of reasons.
Firstly: Because The Bible Doesn't Tell Us! - so how can one find out?
Secondly: Because Josephus and Seder Olam Rabbah disagree with each other! - So how to answer the question?
Thirdly: Because when you add up all the times listed in the Book of Judges, the total period of the Judges is excessive of known history.
Although I have covered the issue of how long Joshua was Judge of Israel in other articles, today I thought that I might touch the subject again, and to make it easy to find, give it the 'How Long' title that many students use in their google searches. I have actually named several of my articles 'How Long...'. For example:
So how long was Joshua a judge of Israel?
According to the Kingscalendar, the short answer is:
1. From 1412 - 1390
2. 22 Solar years
3. 25 Artificial Years
If you are unfamiliar with the King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran, then you just asked yourself what was meant by the term 'Artificial Year'. You can quickly understand the significance of the term by taking a quick read of What is the King's Calendar? The real significance of the 'artificial year' concept is best demonstrated in the synchronous chart of the Divided Kingdom period where one can see that the years provided in the Bible are not actually our 365 day solar ones.
Whilst the Secret of Qumran Methodology is really quite simple, it does require a lot of sifting through problematical chronological data, but the data above is the end result of investigation into the judgeship of Joshua. It can be found in the download version of the book (Chapter Precis). To fully the difficulties in the calculations made for the period of the Judges you might like to read: Israel's Period of the Judges
A longer and more informative version of this article appears at Kingscalendar.
The Bethlehem Seal Discovery - Judah 2700 years ago by R.P. BenDedek
According to recent news reports, archaeologists in Jerusalem have unearthed a 2700 years old, 1.5cm diameter Seal inscribed in ancient Hebrew with the name of the town Bethlehem. The Israel Antiquities director of excavations, Eli Shukron, has said that this is the first time that the city's name has turned up in artifacts from this period of Israelite History. 2700 years ago - 700 BCE, King Hezekiah was ruling in Jerusalem, the capital of Judah, and had just survived an invasion (701BCE) by Sennacherib of Assyria. Samaria, the capital of the Northern Kingdom of Israel had 22 years previous fallen to the Assyrians, and the population was sent into exile. - May 27, 2012
Assyrian, Babylonian and Israelite History 8th Century by R.P. BenDedek
The 'King's Calendar' reconstruction of Biblical chronology for this time period, has as it's firm foundation, the established 'academic' fact that King Hezekiah of Judah had his 14th regnal year in 701 BCE. Working back through history, the 'King's Calendar' finds little fault with the Biblical chronological references, however, it becomes obvious that some of the king's have been misidentified. Part of academic confusion over this particular period of Israelite history, results directly from reliance upon the biblical narratives which clearly state that it was King Ahaz of Judah who appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III of Assyria for assistance, during the Syro-Ephraimitic War against Rezin of Damascus, and Pekah of Israel.
R.P.BenDedek (pseudonym) is the Author of 'The King's Calendar: The Secret of Qumran' (http://www.kingscalendar.com ), and is a guest columnist and stand-in Editor at Magic City Morning Star News. He is also the Editor of the 'Writers Journal' at Kingscalendar.com. An Australian, he has been teaching Conversational English in China since 2003.
Writers Journal Kingscalendar
"The King's Calendar" is a chronological study of the historical books of the Bible (Kings and Chronicles), Josephus, Seder Olam Rabbah, and the (Essene) Damascus Document of The Dead Sea Scrolls.